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Child\'s First Eye Exam

Child's First Eye Exam

Created on: Wednesday, September 12, 2012
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Author: Sushil K. Jain, O.D., See Clearly Vision

As a parent, you may wonder whether your child has a vision problem or when you should schedule your child's first eye exam.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) says on its website that child’s doctor is likely be the first medical professional to examine your child's eyes.
If eye problems are suspected during routine physical examinations, a referral might be made to an eye doctor for further evaluation. Eye doctors have specific equipment and training to assist them with spotting potential vision problems. Eye exams for children are extremely important, because 5 to 10 percent of preschoolers and 25 percent of school-aged children have vision problems. Early identification of a child's vision problem can be crucial because children often are more responsive to treatment when problems are diagnosed early.
According to the American Optometric Association (AOA), infants should have their first comprehensive eye exam at 6 months of age. Children then should have additional eye exams at age 3, and just before they enter the first grade at about age 5 or 6.
For school-aged children, the AOA recommends an eye exam every two years if no vision correction is required. Children who need eyeglasses or contact lenses should be examined annually or as recommended by their optometrist or ophthalmologist.
Eye examinations at early age are crucial to make sure children have normal, healthy binocular vision so they can perform better at schoolwork or play. Early eye exams also are important because children need the following basic skills related to good eyesight for learning:
Near & Distance Vision
Binocular (two eyes) Coordination
Accurate Eye Movements
Focusing Ability
Peripheral Awareness
Eye-Hand Coordination for writing and sports skills

For these reasons, some states require a mandatory eye exam for all children entering school for the first time.
LASIK IN 2012

LASIK IN 2012

Created on: Tuesday, September 04, 2012
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Author:  Rajesh K. Rajpal, M.D., See Clearly Vision

In providing great visual outcomes for patients, we have come a long way since the FDA approved the excimer laser in 1995. With the ability to create flaps using laser technology and by precisely measuring each person's visual aberrations, LASIK can allow most patients to dramatically reduce the need for glasses and contact lenses. The real keys to successful refractive surgery include determining appropriate candidacy for surgery with a comprehensive pre-operative evaluation, meticulous care during the surgical procedure, and close follow up care after the procedure.
 
Patients who are nearsighted (myopic), farsighted (hyperopic), or have astigmatism can be treated if they meet the appropriate clinical criteria. As part of the initial evaluation, the corneal curvature and thickness are measured. An assessment for dry eye is performed as well as a thorough eye examination. Appropriate review and education of realistic expectations is critical in helping patients decide if the procedure is right for them. Finally, helping guide patients through the day of surgery and their follow up appointments leads to tremendous levels of patient satisfaction.

The Truth About Pink Eye

The Truth About Pink Eye

Created on: Wednesday, August 15, 2012
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Author: Dawn L. Williams, O.D., See Clearly Vision

I am always being asked by family and friends if I can treat their pink eye. The phrase ‘pink eye’ is often used to describe the appearance the eye(s) when they are, well, pink. However, when an eye appears less white than normal it can be its way of letting you that something is not quite right. The redness can be caused by numerous things that can include a type of infection, allergies, dry eye syndrome, and many others.
 
Allergic conjunctivitis affects numerous individuals during the spring and fall seasons. Affected individuals will mostly complain of itchy, watery eyes. They may also have systemic symptoms such as a running nose and sneezing. This form of conjunctivitis is treated with ocular antihistamine drops that can be purchased in an over-the-counter form. For more severe presentations, however, topical prescription medications and an oral antihistamine may be necessary. 
 
Bacterial conjunctivitis is one cause of red eyes. Patients will not only have red eyes, but there will be some ocular discomfort and possibly a discharge coming from the eye. This is a contagious form of red eye; therefore proper sanitary precautions should be taken to prevent spreading it to others. Treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis will consist of the use of antibiotic drops several times a day for several days. 
 
Dry eye syndrome is another common cause of red eyes. Because the ocular surface is dry, it becomes irritated. Because it is irritated, the tiny blood vessels in the eye become inflamed, leading to red eyes. Patients will complain of feeling ocular dryness and possibly lots of tearing. This tearing is in response to the ocular irritation and doesn’t mean your eyes aren’t dry. In order to remedy this vicious cycle, the simplest thing to do is use lubricant eye drops. This will provide some relief to the irritated ocular surface and potentially alleviate the redness and decrease the tearing. There are more aggressive treatment options that can be utilized when lubrication isn’t sufficient. 
 

These are only a few of the vast number of reasons a person may have what is called ‘pink eye’. In order to be properly diagnosed and receive effective treatment, an eye care professional should be seen.

A Healthy Diet Equals Healthy Vision, Here Are Some Tips to Improve Your Summer Snacking

A Healthy Diet Equals Healthy Vision, Here Are Some Tips to Improve Your Summer Snacking

Created on: Monday, August 06, 2012
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 If you want to improve your vision, you had better start with your diet because healthy vision begins with healthy eating habits. Fruits, vegetables, and fish make for healthy, light, delicious meals and snacks during the warm summer months and contain nutrients and powerful antioxidants that are essential to healthy eyes.

Studies have shown that a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins A, C, and E, as well as Zinc, Omega-3 fats, the carotenoids Lutein and Zeaxanthin can help protect your eyes against age-related macular degeneration as well as cataracts.

Certain foods actually have more of these important nutrients than others, but just eating more fruits and vegetables (5 to 9 servings per day) will get you on track to better eye health, and better health overall. The nutrients that are linked the most with eye health are found in fruits, green vegetables, nuts and seafood.  Here are some of the best food sources for improving your eye health:

  • Vitamin C can be found in brightly colored fruits and vegetables such as bell peppers, citrus fruits, berries, tropical fruits, dark, leafy greens, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts
  • Vitamin E can be found in dark, leafy greens, spinach, sunflower seeds, almonds, avocados, sweet potatoes, sardines, as well as vegetable plant oils. 
  • Vitamin A can be found in yellow, orange, and green fruits and vegetables, including carrots, sweet potatoes, apricots, broccoli, spinach, kale, dark, leafy greens, squash and pumpkin.
  • Zinc can be found in nuts, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, oysters, lean beef, whole grains, beans, and dark chocolate.
  • Lutein and Zeaxanthin can be found in spinach and other dark, leafy greens, broccoli, Romaine lettuce, zucchini, eggs, corn, and carrots.
  • Omega-3 Fats can be found in salmon, sardines, mackerel, herring, trout, flaxseeds, and walnuts.

So load up on yummy salads and throw some salmon on the grill this summer to start building better eye-health habits that will last year-round!

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